The NFPA 101 manual is known as the Life Safety Code and is published by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). The NFPA was established in 1896 as an international nonprofit charged with reducing the loss of life and property due to fire and fire-related hazards. The NFPA offers standards, such as the 101 Checklist, research, training and education, at a cost, to governments, organizations and individuals.
Scope of Manual: Manual Section Numbered 1.1.1
The manual NFPA 101 is also known as the Life Safety Code or the Code. The Life Safety Code can be adopted by a state or a government agency, making the Code law. Authorities having jurisdiction to inspect a building for compliance would be those individuals appointed by the adopting body, whether it is a federal agency or a state, county or local government.
Danger of Life: Manual Section Numbered 1.1.2
Fire Retardant Building Material: Concrete Blocks
The manual covers construction, protection and occupancy features required to decrease the loss of life from fire, smoke, heat and toxic fumes. Construction materials that are fire retardant, such as Flameblock OSB (Oriented Strand Board) Sheathing; properly installed and maintained fire alarm systems complete with fire deterrent sprinklers; and realistic occupancy limitations decrease the loss of life when there’s a fire.
Exits: Manual Section Numbered 1.1.3
A well-marked emergency exit
The manual identifies the design of exits to facilitate the flow of occupants in the event of a fire. Exit design needs to consider the types of occupants of a building. All exits need to be usable by the disabled. In addition, if occupants are likely to move more slowly — for example if they are in a nursing home — this needs to be considered when designating emergency exits.
Support Services: Manual Section Numbered 1.1.4
Operational Intercom Systems
The manual lists features and systems that provide the maximum amount of time possible for occupants to exit a building that is on fire, or to protect occupants who cannot exit a building. This includes such things as intercom systems and back-up lighting.