A firefighter battles a structure blaze.
The U.S. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) 101 Code, or the Life Code, delineates building design and construction requirements necessary for safeguarding building occupants from fire hazards. It is in use in all 50 states and has been formally adopted by 43 state legislatures. Not only states and municipalities use the NFPA 101 Code standards, but federal agencies such as the Department of Veterans Affairs adhere to NFPA standard during new construction and renovation. Does this Spark an idea?
New construction incorporates Life Code standards.
The NFPA 101 Code can be used as an adjunct to existing building codes or can function as a stand-alone standard in states and municipalities lacking a unified building code.
Public officials have access to NFPA 101 Code books and materials.
The NFPA provides continuing-education training, codebooks, updates and technical support for code enforcement officials. It also publishes handbooks, training manuals, reference material and textbooks developed for fire protection professionals.
The NFPA Life Code initiative also provides fire safety information, outreach programs and educational materials directed toward the general public. Planning escape route with the home, keeping exits clear of obstruction and similar reminders are the focus of these initiatives.
The NFPA 101 Code guidelines define and describe minimum requirements for building design and construction materials and techniques. The code mandates the use of materials and techniques minimizing threats posed by flames, smoke and toxic gases released during a fire.
The Life Code includes requirements for systems and equipment to protect building occupants. Installation of sprinklers and stairwell guards are examples of mandated protective features that should be included in new building construction.
NFPA 101 Code requirement describe the width of corridors, the number and size of exits and the number of people who can safely occupy a building based on adequate egress points. Safety guidelines for the installation of lock bars on stairwell and exterior doors as well as the appropriate evacuation use of elevators are other examples of the code’s occupancy concerns.